Price Action Analysis in Detail (Part – 2)
In this article, I am going to discuss Price Action Analysis in detail. This is a continuation part of our previous article, so please read our previous article before proceeding to this article. As part of this article, I am going to discuss the following pointers in detail.
- What is high and low?
- What is the swing high and swing low?
- Criteria for drawing swing high and swing low
- Types of swing high
- Strength and Weakness of Trend through Analysis Swing.
Before going forward let me know you that, This is the extension part of price action analysis. so I would suggest going through the previous article
Understanding Market Structure through swing
It is similar to learning to read a new alphabet-once you understand the characters, you can read the words, and once you know the words you can read the story. The first letter to master tells you what market activity causes the formation of a short-term high or low. If you learn this basic point, the meaning of all market structures will begin to fall into place.
The market moves in the up-down wave, what we call a market swing. In a healthy bull trend, the upswing generally exceed the downswing in length, the reverse is true for the bear market
Hence by observing market swing, we are able to glimpse into the structure of the market and get clues on whether the market will move up or down
Swing high and swing low
Criteria for drawing swing high and swing low
SWING HIGH Or SWING LOW CONSIST OF MINIMUM 5 BAR. The middle bar must be higher high and higher low then the two proceeding bar and the two following bar
Restriction for drawing swing high and swing low
- If bars high is parallel to the middle or high(LOW) bar, it does not count as one of the five bars in the swing HIGH (LOW) because it does not have a lower high(HIGHER LOW) than the middle bar
- TWO ADJACENT swing high or swing low may share bars
- A swing high
- B both swing high and swing low, this happens because two proceeding bar and two following bar are inside bars, that fulfills the requirement of the middle bar must be the highest or lowest point of five bar sequence
- C both up and downswing by sharing bar
- D requires six-bar to form swing high as the fifth bar is equal high to the middle bar
These points not random, they created by the market. they represent momentary changed and demand and supply forces
The bulls could not move the market above the swing high. This means that at that point in time, no one was willing to offer a price higher than the swing high. Traders saw no value above the swing high
In a nutshell, there are two key skills in reading price action:
- Evaluate how likely a swing pivot will hold up as support/resistance
- Understand the implication of a swing pivot not holding up as support/resistance
There are two types of swing
- High and low
- Swing high and swing low
Let me explain to you
The market tried to move down. Then, it stopped and the bullish trend resumed. The market broke all resistance(swing high) and made a new trend high. In other words, the market failed terribly in its attempt to move down. The lowest point it pushed to is called swing low
Tip: valid pivot makes sense only within the trending price action. To find a valid low, you need to know the start point of the trend and the last extreme trend high
Then what about point B. Point B called a LOW not swing low
Every major market has some pullback are shallow and some last for one swing. The point where pullback goes deeper and lasts for more than one swing, forming a LOW. Eventually, this deeper pullback terminated and the trend resumed.
a low become a swing low once price breaks out above the last extreme price high for the resumption of the bullish trend.
Let me explain to you
All the concept are discussed above are applicable for a swing high and high
HOW TO KNOW WHEN LOW BECOME SWING LOW
When price cleared the above swing high level
To clear a price level, the market must form a price bar that is completely above the price level. This means if a bar low is higher than a price level, the market has cleared above the price level.
We have understood how to find out swing high and swing low
Let understand STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS OR TREND THROUGH ANALYSIS OF swing
- Thrust and pullback
What is Momentum?
The rate at which price move with respect to time
We are simply observing price action in order to compare the current speed and acceleration of price movement with historical speed and acceleration
Momentum is visible on a chart through observing the slope (angle) of price movement
The same concept applies to price action on charts. Changes in momentum are observed through changes in the slope (angle) of the price action
Analysis of momentum is not about measuring any absolute value of momentum, but in making a comparison of current price action momentum with prior price action momentum.
WE can compare through
Momentum through candle
Compare the momentum of the current candle with the momentum of the previous candle
- Counting number of bars in a half cycle and comparing one-half cycle to another (previous half cycle)
- Comparing each swing(relative strength of move)
- How much time to get up or how much time to get down
Momentum through swing
- Compare the momentum of the current price swing with the momentum of the previous price swing in the same direction?
- Compare the momentum of the current price swing with the momentum of the previous price swing in the opposite direction?
- Is the current price accelerating or decelerating? What does that mean?
1) Compare the momentum of the current price swing with the momentum of the previous price swing in the same direction?
Now let’s remove the downswing and study what it is showing Is price faster or slower than before?
Compare the slope of UP-swings (a), (c) (e) and (g). Note the decreased speed on each of these legs, indicating a reduction in bullish momentum. Weakness is appearing on the bullish side.
Clearly shows upward momentum decreasing
Now putting the same chart with only downward momentum
Compare the slope of upswings (B) (D)(F) and (H). Note the increasing speed on each of these legs, indicating an increase in bearish momentum. bearish price swings are showing signs of strength.
BY COMPARING THE SWING IT indicating an increase in bearish momentum. bearish price swings are showing signs of strength. The price movement is more likely to continue in the direction of strength and against the direction of
2) Compare the momentum of the current price swing with the momentum of the previous price swing in the opposite direction?
That is, comparing the current bullish swing with the previous bearish swing; or comparing the current bearish swing with the previous bullish swing
Note the slope of (a) is quite steep compared with the slope of (b). The latest upswing (b) has shown weakness compared with the previous downswing (a). Strength is still in the bearish direction.
Bullish upswing (d) shows an increase in speed compared with the last downswing (c). While the strength is now to the bullish side.
The shallow angle of downward momentum compared with the steep rise of upward momentum indicate Strength is now clearly on the bullish side.
The price movement is expected in the direction of strength and against the direction of weakness.
3) Is the current price accelerating or decelerating? What does that mean?
The deceleration in this example is evidence of bullish momentum gradually weakening as bearish pressure overcomes any bullish pressure.