How to Study Candlestick

In this article, I am going to discuss How to Study Candlestick in detail. As part of this article, we are going to discuss the following two important pointers.

  1. What is a candlestick?
  2. How to Study Candlestick?
  3. The 6 principles for analyzing candlestick
What is a candlestick? 

The candlesticks are the reflections of what buyers and sellers are doing. What extent they move the price and the strength behind the move. CANDLES TELL YOU who is in control but do not tell you about the strength of buyer or sellers behind the move, candle with volume shows that

What is a candlestick? 

The Open:

Open price tells us where the balance between buyers and sellers at the opening of that period, the opening value is the first trade of the day. After the traders have time to review the markets overnight, the open represents the desired position of investors to begin the day. The change from the previous close to the open is a reflection of new sentiments. Also, institutions looking to accumulate (or distribute) a position often place orders at the open because the open trade is often the largest, most liquid trade of the day. In this way, the open might be one of the best times to accumulate/ distribute a large volume of stock while minimizing the impact on the stock’s price.

The High:

The high is the highest point the stock traded during the session. The high is the furthest point the bulls were able to push the stock higher before sellers regained control to push the stock back down. The high represents a stronghold for sellers and a resistance area to buyers. There is one exception when the stock closes on the high, it did not encounter any real resistance from the sellers. The buyers just ran out of time.

The Low:

The low is the lowest point the stock traded during the session. The low is the furthest point the bears were able to force down the stock before buyers regained control to push the stock up. The low represents an area where enough demand existed to prevent the price from moving lower. The exception is when the security closes on the low. When the stock closes on the low, it did not encounter buying support. Rather, the bulls were saved by the closing bell of the session.

The Close:

Close price tells us where the balance point was at the end of the period. The close is the last price agreed between buyers and sellers ending the trading session. The close is the market’s final evaluation. A lot can happen between one close to the next close. The close represents investors’ sentiments and convictions of investors at the end of the day. It is the position investors desire to hold after-hours when investors are unable to trade with liquidity until the next session opens. The closing price is the first (and oftentimes, the only) price the majority of investors desire to know.

The Change:

The change is the difference between close to close. The difference in the closing value one day versus the closing value next day. When this difference is positive, it tells us that demand is outweighing supply. When this difference is negative, it tells us that supply is increasing beyond demand. The change is perhaps the most sought after piece of financial data on the planet.

The Range:

The range is the spread of values within which the stock traded throughout the day. The range spans between the bar’s highest point and the same bar’s lowest point. It is measured from the top of the bar, where resistance set into low, where support came in. The size of the range gives us important information about how easily demand can move the s took up or supply force the price down. The wider the range, typically, the easier it is for the forces of supply and demand to move the stock price.


This is nothing but when CURRENT CANDLE close is ABOVE the previous candle close.


When CURRENT close is BELOW the previous candle close


With the proper understanding of CANDLESTICK, you can predict what about to happen in the near future

#Pro tips, we (retailers) can’t move the market so every candle shows what smart money trying to shows. So their move trap or genuine is only validated by volume
#Pro tips, CANDLESTICK shows half information, another half information shows by volume


Introduction to CANDLESTICK

SENIMATE= BULLISH, 2 consecutive higher close candle. Let’s add volume to this candle

If the volume had represented buying, how can the spread be narrow?

2nd candle range smaller than 1st candle
2nd candle volume greater than 1st candle
Think why volume is greater than 1st candle?

Let me explain to you

If the volume had represented buying, how can the spread be narrow?
  • Either the professional money is selling into the buying, possible reversal on near future
  • There is a trading range to the left and the professional money is prepared to absorb the selling from traders locked into this old trading range. I mean break out may happen

Let’s understand with chart

Understanding Candelstick

If the next bar is down closing near its lows this confirms the professional selling

Candlestick Overview

Low volume down candle close middle or top, it shows that smart money testing supply and no more supply available 2nd candle was buyer’s volume if the next candle closes above the current candle


Principle Number One: The length of any wick, either to the top or bottom of the candle is ALWAYS the first point of focus because it instantly shows, strength, weakness, and indecision, and most important where SMART-MONEY enter

Principle Number Two: If no wick is created, then this signals strong market sentiment in the direction of the closing price. SMART-MONEY active there

Principle Number Three: A wide-body represents strong market sentiment and a narrow body present week market sentiment Narrow body with the heavy volume either Smart Money observing for continuous of move or Smart Money enter on the opposite direction

Principle Number Four: A candle of the same type will have a completely different meaning depending on where it appears in a price trend. Start of trend or middle of the trend or end of the trend or at support or resistance or in the consolidation phase. Candlestick should analyze the context of the move. You should never try and read the market looking at one day’s action in isolation. Always read the market phase-by-phase and then read the latest day’s action into the phase

Principle Number Five: Volume validates price. First, see what CANDLESTICK is telling then validated by volume, is It validating or not with the CANDLESTICK price action

Principle Number SIX: When a particular timeframe DON’T make sense then move to the next higher time frame for the big picture or lower timeframe for the microstructure of move